Part 1 of a blog series on Mental Health Disorders.
A huge study conducted by the World Health Organisation came up with the ten leading causes of ill mental health; in developed countries people affected mentally are majorly within the 15 – 44 age group, the progressive disorders closely linked and are the following:
1. Major Depressive Disorder
Also knows as Clinical Depression or Unipolar depression; Patients diagnosed with MDD also suffer from insomnia are unsociable and can also be suicidal. With low moods, no self confidence and being unable to enjoy general activities and can also suffer from self neglect.
2. Alcohol use
In terms of substance use, alcohol abuse has a higher statistic rate of sufferers than those with alcohol dependence or those abusing drugs. Long term effects are the psychological well being with adverse reactions to the brain. Sustained alcohol use creates severe anxiety and depression which in most cases creates prolonged abstinence
3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Abbreviated PTSD is an anxiety disorder is triggered as with most mental disorders by an extreme psychological trauma, this could involve the death of a loved one, unwanted sexual act or even a physical injury. Re-occurring flashbacks and difficulty falling and staying asleep, fear of losing control are all typical symptoms
Is a mental disorder that is described as one person’s abnormalities in trying to grasp on to what is reality to what is just a play of their unstable minds. Schizophrenia also affects the five senses sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste. Hallucinations and paranoia play a major factor in the characteristics. All which can be offset in early adult hood. Life expectancy to those without the disorder is 10-20 years less.
5. Self inflicted injuries
The deliberate infliction of self harm, tissue damage, alteration to the body which also includes those with eating disorders usually aimed at relieving unbearable emotions or sensations to a non existing reality of numbness, listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders as a borderline personality disorder
6. Bipolar Disorder
Commonly referred to as manic depressives, bipolar sufferers tend to experience mixed episodes of hypomania. Moods have a mix of high and low. The disorder has been divided in to three different types Bipolar I Bipolar II and Cyclothymiacs. Also seen as a genetic disorder can be a long term and devastating or creative, goal driven and positive achievements.
7. Drug use
Depending on the type of drug being used it can lead to many health problems inducing symptomatically which resembles mental illness, some cases psychotic symptoms can occur long after detoxification, such as prolonged Psychosis or depression.
8. Obsessive Compulsive Disorders
A typical OCD sufferer vague obsession can involve a disarray or tension that ones life cannot proceed as normal if an imbalance remains. It is an anxiety induced disorder of intrusive thoughts bought on by repetitive behaviour. Most sufferers of OCD can admit to their problem it is usually the realisation of their problem that causes further distress.
9. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Mainly occur amongst children who suffer with the impairment of functioning in everyday settings such as schools, relationships and in the home. If not treated could have long term adverse reactions later on in life.
10. Borderline Personality Disorder
Characterised by persuasive instability in moods those suffering with BPD have instability in their sense of self-identity, high rates of self harm and suicide but can be treated and improved over time.
More support programmes and better care needs to be available to patients as well as carers. It can be emotionally draining and stressful without any support. Different disorders have different symptoms but many are volatile, argumentative and sometimes sufferers are unable to control their physical reactions. Some almost as if they are helpless children, need to be bathed and general day to day activities need to be done for them.
There are a few funded organisations and charities who offer help. The leading organisation in the United Kingdom at the moment is MIND, National Association for Mental Health who is a charity and dependent on donations. Their campaigns help provide information and advice to promote the protection of good mental health in everyone.