In July of 2002, an independent study was performed in three of the slum areas of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. Although the government regularly surveys the urban population for health concerns, the slum areas are not included in the population surveyed. This gives a biased result which makes the healthcare situation appear better than it actually is.
This survey showed that 60% of Dhaka’s 17.6 million people live in the slums of the capital city. Of the participants in the survey, 93% had been born in the surrounding villages and migrated to the city in hope of finding better work and a better life. Once they arrived in the city, however, they found themselves trapped in a hopeless situation where their expenses exceed their income; they live in substandard housing with landlords who have little to no accountability for the living condition of their tenants and have no financial means to improve their situation.